No matter how much the dog is taken to the veterinarian and takes care of its health, it is not 100% free from acquiring diseases or problems caused by the external environment, such as parasites. Among them is a disease that many consider extremely disgusting: the berne. And yes, dog bern is a much more common problem than you might think.
THE berne in dog is caused by blowfly larvae. It develops in the subcutaneous tissue, that is, under the skin, and is much more common in dogs that live in rural environments, which have more contact with flies and insects.
Identifying berne in dogs and knowing how it acts
The blowfly's life lasts for 24 hours, so it doesn't have much time to reproduce and proliferate eggs. As a species perpetuation mechanism, the blowfly captures another insect - mostly other flies - and lays its eggs in it. This insect ends up finding a mammal and hosting the larva in its body. So it is common to have a dog with a berne in a place without blowflies.
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The larva enters the animal's skin and forms a kind of cocoon to develop by feeding on the living tissue of the dog and breathing through the open hole in the skin. It takes an average of 45 days to develop, fall and become a fly. To identify it, just check if there are holes in the dog's skin and if these holes look inflamed and high.
Treating berne in dogs
Treatment of berne in dogs at home, as the parasite forms a hole inside the animal's skin and this bruise needs to be treated to avoid infection. There is also the important issue that not all medications are suitable for and the skin and fur of all dogs. So, before you think about giving the dog something and treat it yourself, remember that it can make your discomfort worse.
If the owner realizes that his dog may be sick, the first thing to do is to seek a veterinarian. The professional will evaluate the dog, diagnose at what stage the parasite is developed and see if the dog does not have other parasites in different places on the body. The immediate visit to the veterinarian prevents the dog from trying to pull the parasites out with its teeth or scratching itself, which can cause injuries.
After the diagnosis, the doctor will prescribe the right medicine and for how long to treat the dog with berne, as well as guiding the owner on how to act with the dog and how to apply the medication correctly. After the period indicated by the veterinarian, the dog must return to the office to remove the parasite.
The most used treatment to remove the dog bern it is through medicines that are placed over the hole in the skin to prevent the larva from breathing, killing it due to lack of oxygen. Once dead, the site must be squeezed until the larva is completely removed.
It is important for the owner to take care of the dog during this time to prevent it from scratching or licking the place where the medicine was applied, to avoid infection and to allow the treatment to be effective quickly and not have to be reapplied.
Is there a way to avoid the berne?
Preventive measures in the environment can leave the dog protected from the berne, as always cleaning the feces and not leaving food exposed for a long time. That way the place will not gather flies.
Another basic attitude to keep the flies away is to always keep the environment very clean and the grass low, so it will not collect bad odors and insects that may have the parasite housed in them and that can transmit it not only to the dog, but to cats, mice and even humans. Any mammal is subject to having berne.
In relation to dog care to avoid the berne, it is important to brush your hair at least twice a week, and keep your baths up to date. Watching if he is itchy or uncomfortable is also a way to prevent parasites or identify them as early as possible. And, of course, taking him on regular visits to the vet is a great way to keep your dog healthy at all times.
For those who live in regions with a high occurrence of the problem, periodically carry out a control of the flies Dermatobia Hominis (transmitter of the berne) can be a great option to prevent your pet from complications. Through the spraying of chemicals in the areas around where the dog lives - and in the animal's own living area - the population of blowflies that can cause the problem decreases considerably, preventing it or other insects from carrying the eggs of the disease for hosts like the dog.
Special collars with repellents or substances that perform this function, such as citronella, can also be used as an additional method of protection for your pet, keeping any type of fly or insect away from the animal and, thus, avoiding contamination.
There is also the option of preventing your pet from the problem by means of medications, which can be given to the animal to prevent the larvae of the disease from being able to enter and lodge under their skin. It is important to remember that all types of medicine for animals must be properly prescribed by a veterinarian; since, medicating your pet on its own can bring a series of complications and risks to the animal.
Why not treat the dog at home?
We have repeatedly stressed the importance of consult a professional in this article, and this is not only due to the fact that they are the best prepared to deal with the disease; but also, because when the problem is not treated well, it can return to your pet's life.
Cases in which the berne larva is not removed from the animal's body correctly - or when it bursts inside the dog's skin - can greatly increase the risk of reinfestation in the animal once the wound does not close, requiring a new series of treatments to definitively exclude the complication. In some instances, it has been noted that the dogs' own bodies can take on the task of expelling from their body the remains that may have remained under their skin - however, not all cases flow this way, and the use of medications specific measures may be necessary to work around the problem (combined with efficient and constant cleaning of the dog's body).
Consequences of berne in dogs
In addition to being extremely uncomfortable for animals, berne larva it can cause some more serious problems than the simple malaise of pets. Characterized by a soft and light-colored body (when not yet developed), the disease larva has a series of dark spots in its extension - and these spots are precisely responsible for the high levels of irritation in infected dogs.
Since each point described represents, in reality, it is a kind of thorn; it is enough for the larva to move under the animal's skin to cause a lot of discomfort in the region. Along with this, the growth of the larva can also be a factor to take into account; because, depending on the size it reaches, it can cause a lot of pain in the animal.
In addition, when the problem is not dealt with properly, a new fly can pass through the region and deposit another series of bugs in the open hole. Cases like this become especially complicated when the fly in question is of the species Cochliomyia hominivorax (responsible for the disease called bicheira), since it is capable of bringing, with it, several larvae to the already infected orifice, increasing the infection and the possibility that the lodged animals will start to eat the dog from the inside.
Propitious places for the emergence of the berne
As previously mentioned, there are a number of conditions that can greatly influence the appearance of the condition in your pet. So, check the list below and find out, in detail, what kind of environment to avoid to keep this problem away from your pet:
- Open and well wooded places, such as farms, parks and squares.
- Environments where there is easy access to food: places with a lot of food are great for laying eggs and larvae growth of the berne. The conditions in which the foods in question are found do not influence as much as is believed; since, in this group of factors favorable to infection, both fresh and old and spoiled foods can be included.
- Places with accumulation of dirt or where the needs made by the animals remain uncleaned for a long time.
- Times of the year more rainy and hot weather.
- Dog Health
- berne, dogs, dogs, care, diseases, fly, pets, blowfly
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